Art Therapy Research Paper Introduction For Thesis Paper
This article deals with research that focuses on measuring the effectiveness of art therapy. The first is the definition of the term “effectiveness.” We adopted the definition suggested in Hill et al.
(1979); namely, “the attribute of an intervention or maneuver that results in more good than harm to those to whom it is offered” (p. The current review takes a positivist perspective (Holton, 1993) and relates to the measurement of effectiveness reported in quantitative studies that have been conducted in the field.
In eight studies by different authors, there was a single group with no control group; in four studies, there was a control group, but no randomization of the participants between the experimental group and the control group; and in only five studies was there randomization of the experimental group and the control group (RCT - Randomized Control Trial).
They concluded that there was a substantial need to expand research in the field of art therapy to better determine the most appropriate interventions for different populations.
The authors focused on describing different ways to use art therapy in this context and argued that there has been a gradual emergence of a vast body of knowledge that reinforces the benefits of art therapy for people working in stressful work environments.
We conducted a comprehensive search in four databases and review of every quantitative article that has addressed outcome measures in the art therapy field from 2000 to 2017.
Their review included qualitative studies, studies based on a single client in therapy, studies with no control groups, studies with a control group but with no randomization, and a small number of studies with a control group and randomization.
They concluded that there has been progress in the field, but further research is needed. (2014) summarized high-quality studies that implemented RCT that focused on art therapy with adults.
They pointed out that it is difficult to produce quantitative meta-analyses in art therapy given the limited size of the groups and because the evaluation is often based on several therapeutic methods that are used simultaneously. (2015a,b) reviewed all the studies dealing with art therapy for adult clients with non-psychotic psychiatric disorders (anxiety, depression, and phobias).
They found 15 randomized controlled quantitative studies of which 10 indicated that the therapeutic process was effective (positive changes following therapy in comparison to the control group).