Critical Thinking Nursing Process
Fonteyn asserted that exploring how these thinking strategies are used in various clinical situations, and practicing using the strategies, might assist the nurse–learner in examining and refining his or her own thinking skills.Throughout the critical thinking process, a continuous flow of questions evolves in the thinker’s mind.Today the decision-making part of problem solving has become increasingly complex and requires critical thinking.Critical thinking is a multidimensional skill, a cognitive or mental process or set of procedures.Critical thinking requires background knowledge and knowledge of key concepts as well as standards of good thinking.The critical thinker uses reality-based deliberation to validate the accuracy of data and the reliability of sources, being mindful of and questioning inconsistencies.The unique factors that the patient and nurse bring to the health care situation are considered, studied, analyzed, and interpreted.
Skills needed in critical thinking include interpretation, analysis, evaluation, inference, explanation, and self-regulation.
What makes the thinking of a nurse different from a doctor, a dentist or an engineer?
It is how we view the client and the type of problems we deal with in practice when we engage in client care.
When thinking critically, a person will do the following: Critical thinking requires going beyond basic problem solving into a realm of inquisitive exploration, looking for all relevant factors that affect the issue, and being an “out-of-the-box” thinker.
It includes questioning all findings until a comprehensive picture emerges that explains the phenomenon, possible solutions, and creative methods for proceeding.