Essay On Autism

"Sometimes the parents think these are substitutes and they choose not to put their children in behavioral treatments," Elsabbagh said."And that takes away every chance the child could have to have a more validated option." Most autism research focuses on children, but more researchers are beginning to examine how the disorder affects the lives of adults.One of the most frequently used therapies, Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA), for instance, uses rewards to encourage people with autism to increase useful behavior and decrease impairing actions.Parent-mediated interventions are also an effective therapy that teaches the caregivers how to help their children in a natural environment, such as the home.Those on the mild-to-moderate end of the spectrum are sometimes colloquially referred to as having Asperger's syndrome, though this is no longer a formal diagnostic category.

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In some cases, pediatricians may use an autism screen, often a short yes-or-no survey that looks for signs of autism, to see whether a child may be at risk for the disorder.

ASD is an umbrella diagnosis in the DSM-5, replacing the four pervasive developmental disorders described in the previous edition — autistic disorder, Asperger's syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified.

Individuals display ASD symptoms on a continuum, or spectrum, showing ranges of mild to severe symptomatology.

"What they're trying to do is compile and put together these different sources of information and integrate them to figure out if this a child with autism or, alternatively, does this child have a general developmental delay that is not specific to autism?

"A thorough team of clinicians may also diagnose additional disorders that often accompany autism, including attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), intellectual disability, epilepsy and depression, she added.

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