Jian Business Plan Creative Writing Outline
The same year, parts of the Manpho area were designated as an “economic development park” (경제개발구/经济开发区), the North Korean term for post-2013 SEZs, with the apparent intent of developing the area as a trade and tourism hub.
Recent social media posts also show that the Manpho Economic Development Zone actually covers three different parts of the Manpho area: the Mita-ri (미타) area facing Jian’s “new city,” the Boldung Island (벌등도) between Mita-ri and Jian, and the more remote Posang-ri (포상) area in the southwest.
These areas form only one SEZ, but do not have the same sectoral focus: the Posang-ri and Boldung Island parts of the SEZ apparently will be dedicated to light industry and tourism, while the Mita-ri area will likely focus on medicinal drug processing, putting it in direct competition with Chinese facilities on the other side of the river.
Notwithstanding the remoteness of the area and the lack of useful information available on these projects, the fact that North Korean central and local authorities are trying to attract Chinese investments and technology to directly compete with Chinese businesses underscores divergent North Korean and Chinese approaches to bilateral economic cooperation.
DPRK publications depicted by Chinese businessmen on social media show that North Korean authorities have plans to turn this area into another hub for cross-border cooperation.
Wiwon, a small city about 80 km downstream of the Yalu River, was designated as an SEZ in 2015, with a sectoral focus on mineral resources processing.
Widening the Aperture on China-DPRK Economic Cooperation Chinese businessmen seem to be anticipating either a progressive relaxation of sanctions or at least a tacit nod from Beijing to broaden economic cooperation with North Korea beyond trade.Although reports about this new bridge are still sketchy, this development might have important consequences for the DPRK’s SEZ program, its economic integration with China and, obviously, the impact of economic sanctions on Pyongyang.Recent research on China-DPRK economic cooperation has shown that Chinese businessmen and entrepreneurs most often seek to minimize their footprint within the DPRK; for example, they strongly favor trade over investment primarily because of North Korea’s difficult investment climate and the potential incompatibilities between Chinese economic engagement strategies and the North’s preferred economic development model. He then immigrated to US for his Ph D in Physiology from UCSF in 1993. in Biomedical Engineering in Huazhong University of Science and Technology in Wuhan, China in 1985.As a result, the Chinese infrastructure build-up stops right at the border with the DPRK, setting the stage for future economic opportunities once the DPRK follows the Chinese-style “open and reform” model, as Christina Kim’s “economy of anticipation” theory posits. As part of this strategy, authorities in Jilin Province have developed linkages between the provincial capital Changchun and the city of Jian, which faces the North Korean city of Manpho.Once finished, the Jian-Tonghua highway will shorten travel time from two hours to around forty minutes, which will not only help local powers turn Jian into a manufacturing hub for herb-based drugs, but also facilitate economic integration with North Korea.In the current context, however, the relative importance of this project suggests that it has at least a tacit nod from Beijing, and thus constitutes a political signal that China is ready to enter the North Korean market, should sanctions be lifted.Conclusion The months that followed the Singapore Summit saw visible increases in plans for China-DPRK cross-border economic interaction.After postdoc training in Rockefeller University, he became a faculty at St.Jude Children’s Research Hospital in Memphis since 1998. He currently has 2 R01 grants, 2 Do D grants and one MRC grant.