Life Problem Solving Strategies
There are two different types of problems, ill-defined and well-defined: different approaches are used for each.
Well-defined problems have specific goals and clear expected solutions, while ill-defined problems do not.
The ability to understand what the goal of the problem is, and what rules could be applied, represents the key to solving the problem.
Sometimes the problem requires abstract thinking or coming up with a creative solution.
Mental health professionals study the human problem solving processes using methods such as introspection, behaviorism, simulation, computer modeling, and experiment.
Social psychologists look into the person-environment relationship aspect of the problem and independent and interdependent problem-solving methods.
Interpersonal everyday problem solving is dependent upon the individual personal motivational and contextual components.
The term problem solving means slightly different things depending on the discipline.
For instance, it is a mental process in psychology and a computerized process in computer science.
Studies conclude people's strategies cohere with their goals and stem from the natural process of comparing oneself with others.
The early experimental work of the Gestaltists in Germany placed the beginning of problem solving study (e.g., Karl Duncker in 1935 with his book The psychology of productive thinking The use of simple, novel tasks was due to the clearly defined optimal solutions and short time for solving, which made it possible for the researchers to trace participants' steps in problem-solving process.